USTAVNI SUD KAO ČUVAR PRAVNOG SISTEMA LETONIJE

  • Anita Rodiņa, Dr. iur. Pravni fakultet, Univerzitet u Letoniji, Letonija
Ključne reči: ustavni sud, sudije, nadležnost, uslovi za locus standi, presuda

Apstrakt

U radu autorka objašnjava osnivanje i ustavno regulisanje Ustavnog suda Letonije, opredeljujući njegovo mesto u kontekstu načela podele vlasti. Imenovanje sudija i određene novine, te problemi do kojih dolazi u procesu izbora sudija predstavljaju se u drugom delu rada. Prilikom prikaza nadležnosti Ustavnog suda, autorka ukazuje na to da je ona veoma usko postavljena, budući da Ustavni sud postupa samo u predmetima u vezi sa usklađenošću pravnih akata sa višim aktima. Autorka potom analizira krug lica koja imaju ovlašćenja da učestvuju u postupku pred sudom. Posebna pažnja je posvećena ustavnoj žalbi – pravnom sredstvu koje Ustavnom sudu podnose pojedinci i koje takođe predstavlja mehanizam dijaloga između Ustavnog suda i Evropskog suda za ljudska prava. Konačno, autorka ukazuje na pravnu snagu i stvarni uticaj presuda Ustavnog suda, uključujući i ovlašćenje Ustavnog suda da opredeli trenutak od koga akt koji nije u skladu sa ustavom postaje ništav. Autorka zaključuje da Ustavni sud ne samo pravnoteorijski, već i praktično obezbeđuje sistem ustavnog poretka, vrednosti i načela u Republici Letoniji.

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2022-03-02
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