AUTHORITIES IN ITALIAN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS AGAINST JUVENILES
Juveniles are a special kind of offenders, considering their biological and psychological characteristics. Therefore, in relation to their punishment in legal theory and practice is accepted a special position. Such an approach is given in the protective model, which is adopted in all modern legal systems. Necessity for different criminal justice treatment of juvenile offenders arose very early, but the special system of sanctions and special courts for them has taken place in the twentieth century. Juveniles` criminal law, as a segment of the Italian criminal law, developed in 1930s, during the reign of fascist, but idea of the establishment of special court for juveniles arose much earlier.
The protective model for juvenile offenders is very expressed in Italian criminal law. In Italy is accepted model of a special court for juvenilese the competencies of which are trials in a criminal, civil and administrative cases where one of the participiants is a minor person. Italian laws prescribe the madatory specialization of authorities and subjects involved in the procedure against juvenile offenders, and also stipulates the obligation of including non-judical bodies.